Raised Skin Bump Disorders

People often describe localized swollen areas on, or under, the skin as lumps or bumps. Some bumps may be temporary while others may be permanent and some can be treated but some not. Both adult and children can be affected by raised skin bumps and disorders.

Common causes of skin disorders may include:

  • Bacteria trapped in skin pores and hair follicles

  • Parasites fungus, or microorganisms living in the skin

  • Viral infections

  • A low or weakened immune system ,with or without coexisting infection

  • Contact with allergens, irritants, or another person’s infected skin

  • Genetics and inherited susceptibility

  • Illnesses affecting the thyroid, immune system, kidney, and other body systems

  • Diet and lifestyle

  • Some common skin disorders in adults may be temporary and others permanent. For some, medical attention will be needed depending on the cause of the bump. The following are some skin conditions commonly known:

  • Moles

  • Birthmarks

  • Boils

  • Actinic Keratosis

  • Chickenpox

  • Acne

  • Rashes

  • Hives

  • Eczema

  • Skin cancer

  • Rosacea

  • Seborrheic dermatitis (dandruff)

  • Psoriasis

  • Vitiligo

  • Impetigo

  • Warts

  • Melanoma

  • Scarlet Fever

  • Scabies

  • Children are not excluded when it comes to skin disorders. Children are more exposed to other children and germs and therefore will experience skin problems not commonly experienced by adults. Children are more likely to get rashes or hives in response to food or environmental allergens. In most cases, childhood skin disorders that are temporary can be treated with topical creams, tepid baths, or condition-specific drugs. Childhood skin disorders include:

  • eczema (atopic dermatitis)

  • diaper dermatitis

  • seborrheic dermatitis (cradle cap)

  • chickenpox and measles

  • warts

  • acne

  • roseola

  • Fifth disease

  • hives

  • ringworm

  • rashes from bacterial or fungal infections

  • rashes from allergic reactions

  • Treatment for various raised skin bumps will depend on the underlying issue at hand. In most cases this condition will not require any medical treatment or procedures, but you should make an appointment with your physician if you feel that it is becoming uncomfortable. You should also get a professional opinion if you don’t know the cause of the bumps, or if you suspect that it might be related to skin cancer.

    In general, skin bumps are harmless and can be removed for cosmetic reasons. For example, cysts and lipomas can be removed surgically, while other bumps can be treated with topical ointments. For any bumps that might be cancerous, your doctor should have a look and possibly perform a biopsy to determine what treatment will be necessary. If your skin bumps have a bacterial infection, antibiotics might be necessary and your doctor will prescribe them.

    The Outlook of Raised Skin Bumps

    Most bumps are temporary or benign and won’t need any medical treatment. If you do have an infection, catching it early is a good sign as you can begin treatment immediately. You should also make sure that flare-ups do not occur. The possibility of cancer is very small but sometimes still possible, which is why you should not ignore these skin bumps if you see they continue to remain. It’s always a good idea to visit your doctor just to be sure.

    This post is written for Healthline.com, a popular resource that offers expert health advice from qualified professionals and experienced contributors. 

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